`ქალაქი და ტრადიციები~

 

ozurgeTi, rogorc geografiuli adgilis saxelwodeba, gamomdinareobs misi reliefuri mdebareobidan da niSnavs or zurgs Soris mdebare teritorias. CrdiloeTiT aseTi zurgi aris moidanaxis, samxreTiT ki seris da eqadiis gorakebi. e.i. `orzurgeTi~, rac Semdeg `ozurge­Tad~ Camoyalibda. ozurgeTis saxelwodebis warmoSobis mose janaSviliseul aseT versias eTanxmeba da iziarebs Tedo saxokia da sxva mkvlevarni.

qalaqis oficialuri statusi ozurgeTma 1846 wels miiRo, roca ruseTis mTavrobam moaxdina amier­kavkasiis xelmeore administraciuli dayofa. axali dayofiT ozurgeTis mazra Sevida quTaisis guberniis Sema­dgenlobaSi, Tavad ozurgeTi ki samazro qalaqi gaxda.

Zveli guriis administraciul centrs SeeZlo Tavi moewonebina lamazi mdebareobiTa da sikoxtaviT. `aha esec, kopwia guriis dedaqalaqica! adamianis yuradRebas ipyrobs Tavdapirvelad uxvi mwvane samoseli, romelSiac gaxveulia ozurgeTi. ase brZanebT, SecdomiT tyeSi Sevedi, sadac SecdomiTve saxlebia aSenebulio~.1 ase siyvaruliT aRwerda ozurgeTs, 1897 wels CvenTan samogzaurod myofi Tedo saxokia da ganagrZnobda: `ozurgeTs Tamamad SeuZlia sxva Cvens provinciul daba-qalaqebTan Tavi moiwonos Tavisi sisufTaviT. zafxulobiT aqaur quCebze mtvers ver naxavT, arc avdarSi icis mainca da mainc didi talaxi~.1 qalaqs arc Zveli da axali saukunis mijnaze daukargavs pirvelqmnili xibli da silamaze. `mzes oqrosferi wamwamebi amouwveravs WaRara mTebis gaRmidan. mercxlebis dausrulebeli WikWiki aRviZebs qalaqs. es qalaqi patara ozurgeTia, Semkuli mravalferovani yvavilebiTa da xexilebiT. ori mdinare sazRvravs mas _ erTi mxriT bJuJi da meore mxriT _ natanebi. quCis gaRma _ gamoRma mxares nakadulebi moCxrialeben~.2 imdroindeli, Cveni ozurgeTi patara, ganapira dasaxlebis simyudroviT cxovrobda. mxolod Sua gazafxulze mis viwro, mixveul-moxveul quCebs raJebis JRaruni da mwyemsTa gadaZaxili aRviZebda _ kowia mamforia, alfesi kvaracxelia da sxva zRvispireli mwyemsebi, nazamTral naxirs, vakijvris da somliis gavliT, baxmaros ialaRebisaken mierekebodnen.

daiwyo axali saukune. revoluciaTa qartexilebma ozurgeTsac gadauara. imdroindel sabWoTa kavSirSi damkvidrebuli wesis mixedviT, roca qalaqebs, soflebsa da dabebs revolucionerTa saxelebs akuTvnebdnen, 1934 wels ozurgeTs saxeli Seecvala da maxaraZe ewoda.

ase iwodeboda qalaqi 55 wlis ganmavlobaSi. 1989 wels ki roca qveyanaSi ganaxlebis siom dabera da RirebulebaTa gadafaseba daiwyo, adgilobrivi xelisuflebis maSindelma umaRlesma organom _ saxalxo deputatTa raionuli sabWos meoce mowvevis XII sesiam, romelic 15 maiss gaimarTa, gamoitana gadawyvetileba qalaq maxaraZisa da maxaraZis raionisaTvis Zveli istoriuli saxelwodebis dabrunebis Sesaxeb. ozurgeTi isev ozurgeTi gaxda.

manamde ki icvleboda dro, icvleboda cxovreba. saxes icvlida ozurgeTic.

marTalia qalaqSi ganaSenianebis TvalsazrisiT 60-80 -ian wlebSi bevri ram sasikeTod Seicvala, magram urbanizaciis moZalebas verc ozurgeTi gadaurCa. mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs tradiciulad Camoya­libebuli saqalaqo landSafti da garemo, saerTod qalaqis mTeli iersaxe. am xnis ganmavlobaSi ozurgeTma, romelic samazro qalaqad jer kidev 1846 wlidan moixsenieba, TandaTanobiT dakarga patara provinciuli qalaqis istoriulad Camoyalibebuli sivrcobriv-arqiteq­turuli saxe. 1874 wels Cvens qalaqSi Ca­mo­­suli dimitri baqraZe   Tavis `arqeologiur mo­gzaurobaSi~ aRni­Snavda: `ozurgeTSi saintereso veraferi vnaxeo~1 da dasZenda: `Senobebidan gansaku­Trebuli yuradRebis Rirsia mxolod erTi, saxeldobr Tavad dimitri qaixosros Ze gurielis orsarTuliani saxli, romelic am bolo dros auSenebiaT evropul-Turqul yaidaze~.2 Zveli nage­bobebiT da materialu­ri kulturis ZeglebiT aseT uRaribes qalaqSi, 50-ian wlebSi, dRevandel Teatralur moedanze daingra saqalaqo TviTmmarTvelobis uZvelesi samsarTuliani Senoba e.w. `druJina~, sadac bolo dros samxedro-sazRvao nawili (?!) iyo moTavsebuli, imave periodSi aRebuli iqna 30-ian wlebSi agebuli kolonadebi dRevandeli gabriel episkoposisa da ioane petriwis quCebze. Tvalsa da xels Sua gaqra Zveli ozurgeTis individualuri ganaSenianebisaTvis damaxasia­Tebeli sacxovrebeli saxlebis kramitis saxuravebi, mwvane kordiT dafaruli ezoebi, qvis Robeebi, gadaxuruli WiSkrebi da rac metad SesamCnevia, rikulebis moajiriani vrceli, Ria aivnebi, romelic Cvens qalaqSi, damaxasiaTebeli simyudroviT da intimuri siTboTi, adamianTa Tav­Seyrisa da axlo urTierTobis damyarebis Taviseburi klubebis funqciasac asrulebda. Cveneburi aivnebiT moxiblul artur laists ase uTqvams: `me yoveli aivani gansakuTrebuli silamazis meCveneba, odis aivani ganieria, lamazi svetebi da lamazad naxaratevi moajiri aqvs. qarTul saxls silamazes da momxiblaobas umTavresad aivani aZlevs. aivani ocnebebs uRviZebs adamians~.1

gansakuTrebiT popularuli iyo centralur quCebze mdebare ramdenime saxlis aivani. saRamoobiT iq sistema­turad erTi da igive xalxi iyrida Tavs.  dRevandel far­na­vaz mefis quCis dasawyisSi, mamuka ToTibaZis saxlis aivanze umetesad qalaqis axalgazrda inteleqtualebi ikribebodnen. maspinZels, radi­oeleqtronikis maRalkvalificiur specia­lists, mravalmxrivi gana­Tlebisa da ubadlo mexsierebis mqone pirovnebas, zustad axsovda mZleosnobaSi damyarebuli yvela msoflio Tu evropuli rekordi da amave dros SeeZlo zepirad gadmoeca ernest hemingueis `moxuci da zRvis~ mTeli pasaJebic. dRevandeli 26 maisis quCaze nino da gabriel vasaZeebis saxlis aivanze funjiT da palitriT xelSi, molbertTan mdgar elene axvledians daina­xavdiT. didi mxatvari am ojaxis uaxloesi megobari iyo da xSiradac stumrobda maT. vasaZeebis sacxovrebeli saxlis interiers dResac amSvenebs axvledianiseuli ferweris nimuSi _  `Zveli qalaqis quCa~. kinema­tografistTa patara meqad iqceoda dRevandel ilia WavWavaZis quCaze mdebare ana (Cunia) da aleqsandre erqomaiSvilebis saxlis aivani, roca ozurgeTSi axali filmis gadaRebaze am ojaxis uaxloesi naTesavi kinore­Jisori siko doliZe Camodioda, man xom guriis Temaze eqvsi mxatvruli filmi gadaiRo.2 kino­gada­Rebe­bidan Tavisufal dRe­ebSi, iq naxavdiT Tamar ciciSvils, liana asaTians, leila abaSiZes, Salva RambaSiZes, sergo zaqariaZes, ramaz CxikvaZes da qarTuli ekranis sxva varskvlavebs. gvian RamiT ki maTTan erTad Sekrebil ozurgeTel Zmakacebs, batoni siko Tavis Wabukobis­droindel leqsebsac ukiTxavda.

griboedovis quCaze, gigola TalakvaZis saxlis aivanze, zafxulis mTvarian RameebSi gitaris akompanimentiT mRerodnen `orTav Tvalis sinaTles~ da sxva im­dros popularul melodiebs. mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi fortepianos akordebi moismoda akaki wereTlis quCaze, mixeil TayaiSvilis sacxovrebeli saxlidan, sadac bina daedo ozurgeTis musikalur skolas. SuSabandSi dadgmul roialze ojaxis diasaxlisi, skolis direqtori da pedagogi frangi qalbatoni adelaida Sefferi _ TayaiSvili qalaqel bavSvebs musikis anbans aswavlida. da kidev erTi musikisa da simReris siyvaruliT ganTqmuli ojaxi, egnate ninoSvilis quCa #14, aniko da evgeni ujmajuriZeebis saxlis aivani, ojaxis sruli Semadgenlobis mier namReri `ra kargia gazafxuli~, `yayaCo ayvavebula~ da debi iSxnelebis TiTqmis mTeli repertuari.  Semodgomaze ki romisa ar iyos, yvela gza seris ubnisaken midioda. imave ninoSvilis quCaze, Tavisi sacxovrebeli saxlis aivanze, moskovidan SvebulebiT Camosul biZina nakaSiZesTan ozurgeTis mTliani speqtri ikribeboda. am tradiciulad qceul Sexvedrebs gansakuTrebul Sinaarss matebda misi megobrebis, saxelganTqmuli politikosebis da mecnierebis, dRes ukve ruseTis demokratiuli moZraobis TvalsaCino warmomadgenlebis aleqsandre vladislav­levis1, vladimer melnikovis2, leon onikovis3, boris macis4, vladimer rabotnikovisa5 da aseve cnobili samxedro moRvaweebis, generlebis aleqsandre morozovis, irakli jorjaZis da levan  SaraSeniZis stumroba.

isev qalaqis arqiteqturas davubrundeT. 70-80-ian wlebSi ver iqna Tavidan acilebuli centrSi iseTi nagebobebis aSeneba, romelsac Cvennairi statusis qalaqSi saerTod ar unda aSenebdnen. ozurgeTis tradiciuli ganaSenebianebis struqturisaTvis ucxo gamodga 9 da 12 sarTuliani sacxovrebeli saxlebis usaxo korpusebi. eqsploataciis sirTuleebze rom araferi vTqvaT, mravalsarTuliani vertikalebi srulebiT ver Seegua qalaqis istoriulad Camoyalibebul landSaftur-arqiteqturul garemos da minimaluradac ver Seasrula centris ganaSenianebis dominantis roli, rogorc amas damproeqteblebi gvarwmunebdnen. amasTan, mraval­sarTulianma saxlebma garkveulwilad Caketa qalaqis bunebrivi anturaJi _ aWara-guriis mTagrexilis xedi da Sekveca misi vizualuri aRqmis masStabebi.

qalaqisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli garemosa da Camo­yalibebuli gegmarebiTi struqturis SesanarCuneblad kargi iqneba Tu adgilze Seiqmneba da individualur menaSeneebs SevTavazebT sacxovrebeli saxlebis 8-10 saxis tipiur proeqts, sadac Tanamedrove komfortsa da saojaxo-sameurneo saWiroebebTan erTad gaTvalis­winebuli iqneba rogorc Ria aivnebi, aseve Cveni regionisaTvis damaxa­siaTebeli sxva tradiciuli arqiteqturuli formebi. magram saqme marto arqiteqturaSi rodia, mravalsarTulian saxlebSi dagegmarebuli sacxovrebeli binebi srulebiT ver uwyobs xels adgilobrivi mosaxleobis demografiuli viTa­rebis gaumjobesebas, piriqiT igi xSirad xdeba ojaxis gan­viTarebis xelovnuri SezRudvis da an kidev, saojaxo kon­fliqtebis warmoSobis mizezic. amasTan, e.w. `komunalur~ bi­nas xSirad ver egueba adgilobriv mkvidrTa buneba; SezRu­duli sabinao farTobis pirobebSi SeuZlebeli xdeba ojaxis gazrda da gayofa. amave dros `komunaluris~ mobi­nadre mowyvetilia adgilobrivi mkvidrisaTvis damaxa­sia­Tebel tradiciul saojaxo-sameurneo saqmianobas, kargavs kav­Sirs miwasTan, xdeba misi bunebriv garemosTan gaucxoba da a.S.

zemodnaTqvam yvela garemoebaTa gaTvaliswinebiT, rogorc ki cxovreba gamokeTdeba, bolomde unda iqnas moyvanili sarekonstruqcio da sarestavracio samuSaoebi 9 aprilis quCaze, sadac eklesiis aSeneba da Zveli ozurgeTis erTi kuTxis aRdgena gvqonda gaTvaliswinebuli.

da rac arsebiTi sakiTxia: qalaqis perspeqtiuli ganaSenianebis generaluri gegma 1979 wels ganixiles da miiRes maxara­Zis raisabWos aRmaskomma da saqarTvelos mSeneblobis saxelmwifo komitetma. ganxilvis dros gamo­Tqmuli SeniSvne­bisa da winadadebebis gaTvalis­winebis aucileblobis gamo generaluri gegma respublikis ministrTa sabWos ar daumtkicebia. kerZod, generaluri gegma iTvaliswinebda ganaSenianebis iseT parametrebs, romelic qalaqis istoriulad Camoyalibebul, tradiciuli gegma­rebiTi struqturis pirobebSi ar SeiZleba ganxor­cielebuliyo. (centris detaluri dagegmarebis proeqtiT e.w. `mwvane zonis~ Seqmna, Zveli `sapara­skeos~ adgilze mraval­sarTuliani sacxovrebeli kvartalis mSenebloba, axlo­mdebare soflebis xarjze qalaqis teritoriis gazrda da a.S.). xazgasmiT unda iTqvas, rom 1979 wels miRebul generalur gegmaSi  ar SeiZleba asaxuliyo qalaqis, rogorc guriis mxaris administraciuli centris, arqiteqturul-gegmarebiTi struqturis ganviTarebis Taviseburebani.

 zemoTaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, aucilebelia uaxloes or-sam weliwadSi damuSavdes qalaq ozurgeTis perspeqtiuli  ganaSenianebis generaluri gegma, romel­Siac gaTvalis­winebuli iqneba rogorc dRevandeli realiebi, aseve qalaqis uaxloesi ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi.

Zvel ozurgeTlebs guli atkina zogierT quCaze wylis arxebis daxurvam, rkinigzis sadguris Senobis eqsterierisa da interieris xelyofam, iqve skveris farTobis Semcirebam, da a.S. qalaqisaTvis damaxasia­Tebeli, wlebis manZilze Camoyalibebuli kuTxeebis moSlas da tradiciulad dam­kvidrebuli funqcionaluri garemos ignorirebas, zogierTni qalaqis xelisufalTa axirebis, arqiteq­torTa naazrevis ugulvelyofis Tu  maTive gadacdomis Sedegad miiCnevs. aq ki  unda iTqvas Semdegi:

Tu ar CavTvliT imas, rom 70-ian wlebSi raionuli mmarTvelobis administraciam dRevandel Tamar mefis moedanze agebul axal SenobaSi gadainacvla, ozurgeTis arc erT istoriulad damkvidrebul ubans funqcionaluri cvlileba ar ganucdia. piriqiT, maTi roli da adgili saqalaqo organizmSi, rogorc tradiciuli gegmarebiTi _ struqturis SenarCunebis, aseve arqiteqturuli garemos funqcionaluri zonirebis Tvalsa­zrisiT bevrad ufro gaizarda. qalaqis SuagulSi, romelsac administraciul-kulturul centrs vuwodebT, 80-ian wlebSi aSenda Semnaxveli bankis, prokuraturisa da sabrZolo didebis muzeumis Senobebi. Teatralur moedanze, mdebare oTxsarTuliani sacxovrebeli saxlis mTeli pirveli sarTuli raionis da qalaqis xelmZRvanelobam 1986 wels gadasca mxatvrebs, sadac sarekonstruqcio samuSaoebis Catarebis Semdeg funqcio­nireba daiwyo samxatvro galeream, sagamofeno darbazma, samxatvro nawarmis salon-maRaziam da mxatvarTa klub-barma `nikalam~. gansakuTrebiT intensiurad viTardeboda qalaqis tradiciulad Camo­yalibebuli savaWro zona, e.w. `sapara­skeo~, sadac adreul wlebSi paraskevobiT didi bazroba imarTeboda. iq arsebuli centraluri univermaRis, ori universamis, ori sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis saxlisa da `bavSvTa samyaros~ Senobebs 1988 wels daemata firma `baxmaros~ samsarTu­liani Senoba vrceli savaWro darbaziT, pur­funTuSeu­lis sacxobiT,  kafeteriiT da firma `maricas~ aseve samsarTuliani Senoba maRaziiT, restorniT da sabanketo darbaziT. amave ubanSi Zveli bazris teritoriaze isev dafuZnda agraruli bazari. mTavrdeba sayofacxovrebo samsaxuris firma `elegantis~ orsarTuliani atelies mSenebloba, metad sasikeTo cvlilebebia keTilmowyobis TvalsazrisiT. Zveli, amortizirebuli, mixurul-moxuruli darabebis adgilze 1987-88 wlebSi laiTuris agromrewv­kombinatis mier, qalaqis gamwvanebis samsaxuris mona­wileobiT gaSenda bulvari axali satransporto zoliT, apolon wulaZis quCaze ki gaixsna satroleibuso mimosvla.

oponentebs verc arqiteqtorTa naazrevis ignori­rebaSi daveTanxmebiT. adreul wlebSic, CvenTan saarqiteqturo samsaxuris Camoyalibebamde, qalaqis perspeqtiuli ganviTarebis Tu sxva mimdinare aqtualuri sakiTxebis ganxilvisa da gadawyve­tis dros, raionis imdroindeli xelmZRvanelebi vaso sixaruliZe, SoTa WanuyvaZe, aleqsandre ToiZe sistematurad iwvevdnen qalaqgegmarebisa da qalaqmSeneblobis iseT Tval­saCino specialistebs, rogoric aleqsandre sabaSvili, konstantine CxeiZe, givi ToTibaZe, nikoloz abaSiZe da sxvebi iyvnen. 1959-63 wlebSi, raionis Tavkaci vaxtang ToxaZe1 ki profesiiT arqiteqtori gaxldaT da SeeZlo qalaqis ganviTarebis problemebSi profesiuli TvaliTac Caexeda. swored omisSemdgom periodSi iqna miRebuli qalaqis perspeqtiuli ganaSenianebis Tvalsa­zrisiT iseTi uaRresad swori da optimaluri gadawyve­tilebani, rogoric iyo samrewvelo zonis  (maRaroTa sammar­Tvelos Tixa-fqvilisa da qimiuri aqtivizaciis qarxnebi, saSen masalaTa kombinati, rkina-betonis nakeTobaTa qarxana, purkombinati da a.S.) qalaqis aRmosavleT nawilSi gan­Tavseba, sacxovrebeli mikroraionis mSenebloba aleqsandre griboedovis quCaze da samedicino-samkurnalo dawesebu­lebaTa kompleqsisa _ qalaqis dasavleT nawilSi, mdinare bJuJis sanapi­roze. momdevno wlebSic qalaqgegmarebis, mSeneb­lo­bisa da keTil­mowyobis yvelaze mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi yovelTvis raionis pirvel xelmZRva­nelebTan ganixileboda. enver malazonias, demur dvaliSvilis,  oTar TenieSvilis da Tamaz kunWulias kabinetebis kari mudam Ria iyo arqi­teqtorebisa da mxatvrebisaTvis, romlebic planSetebze gadatanil axal SemoqmedebiT ideebsa da Canafiqrebs gvTava­zobdnen.

dawyebuli 70-ian wlebidan ozurgeTSi samuSaod Camovidnen Cveni raionis mkvidrni_Tbilisis samxatvro akademiisa da saqarTvelos politeqnikuri institutis kursdamTavrebuli arqiteqtorebi, romlebic gaerTi­andnen raisabWos aRma­skomis saproeqto-saxarj­TaRricxvo biuroSi (ufrosi julieta maminaiSvili) da imTaviTve aqtiurad Caebnen qala­qis ganaSenianebis, keTil­mowyobisa da iersaxis gaumjo­besebis samuSaoebSi. Seiqmna da ganxorcielda ramdenime saintereso proeqti, ewyoboda gamofenebi da konkursebi. gadaidga radika­luri nabijebi qalaqis ganaSenianebisa da iersaxis srulyofis, keTilmowyobis gaumjobesebisa da komunaluri meurneobis ganviTa­rebisaTvis. aSenda saqalaqo socialur-kulturuli infrastruqturis bevri axali obieqti, mTlianad likvidirebuli iqna barakebi da sacxovreblad gamoyenebuli sxva uvargisi sadgomebi. 1978 wlis zafxulSi Cvenma qalaqma umaspinZla saqarTvelos arqiteqtorTa kavSiris gamsvlel plenums, romelmac mSeneblobisa da arqiteqturis metad saWirboroto sakiTxebi ganixila da romlis muSaobaSi monawileobis misaRebad respublikis mTeli arqi­teqturuli elita Seikriba.

rac Seexeba Zveli ozurgeTisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli, tradiciuli adgilebis moSlas da garkveuli istoriuli an arqiteqturuli Rirebulebis mqone nagebobebis gadakeTebas, Tu es ewinaaRmdegeba qalaqis perspeqtiuli ganviTarebis generaluri gegmis principebs da miuRebelia damkvidrebul sazogadoebrivi azrisaTvis, dauSveblad unda CaiTvalos. yovel aseT konkretul SemTxvevaSi pasuxismgebloba qalaqis xelisuflebam da arqiteqtorebma unda gavinawilod, saamSeneblo-saremonto da sarekonstruqcio samuSaoebSi yovel­nairad davicvaT gegmare­biTi disciplinis moTxovnebi da elementaruli zomiereba. dRes ris gasworebac SeiZleba, unda gavasworod, saerTod ki yvelafers, rac qalaqis istoriasa da tradiciebs qmnis, TvalisCiniviT unda gavufrTxildeT da SevinaxoT.

azrTa sxvadasxvaobis sagani gaxda mariam RvTis­mSoblis eklesiis mSeneblobisaTvis gamoyofili adgili. proeqtis avto­rebis (sayvarel saluqvaZe, Tamaz lomjaria, fridon Wkuaseli, vasil mJavanaZe.) ZiriTadi sayrdeni argumenti adreul wlebSi, daaxloebiT imave adgilas ori saeklesio nagebobis _ calke qarTuli da calke rusuli mrevlisaTvis - arseboba iyo. rogorc dimitri baqraZe aRniSnavda, es `ori marTlmadidebeli eklesia ubralo xuroTmo­ZRvre­baa xis uSno gumbaTebiTo.~1 rac Seexeba eklesiis mSeneblobis gamo gabriel episkoposis quCis gadaketvas, ekonomikis gamococxlebis kvaldakval satransporto nakadis gazrdis SemTxvevaSi, sanacvlod, musikalur SadrevnebTan cxra aprilis quCis gaxsna da calmxrivi saavtomobilo moZraobis organizeba iyo gaTvaliswinebuli.

garegnul saxecvlilebebTan erTad Seicvala qalaqis mkvi­drTa fsiqikac. raoden samwuxaroa, rom ozur­geTelTa yovel­dRiur yofaSi bevri iseTi anomalia iCens Tavs, rac adre warmoudgeneli da an Zalze iSviaTi movlena Tu iyo. gansakuTrebiT es exeba Cvens axalgazrdobas, mis moralur da moqalaqeobriv saxes.

adre ki ozurgeTis mosaxleobisaTvis yovelTvis tradi­ciuli iyo urTierTpativiscema da keTilganwyoba, raSic ufrosebs arc axalgazrda Taoba CamorCeboda. ver gavi­ziarebT imaT azrs, visac miaCnia, rom dRevandeli axalgaz­rdoba wina Tao­bebs raimeSi tols udebdes, piriqiT, dRevan­deli Taobis saer­To inteleqtualuri done sagrZnoblad maRalia. erTa­derTi, rac qalaqis axalgaz­rdobisaTvis miuRebeli da uku­sagdebia, aris is rom xSirad urTierTobaSi darRveulia tradiciuli zneobrivi normebi, ar ician erTma­neTis dandoba, zogjer ubralo waCxubeba did ayalmayalSi gadaizrdeba da rac yvelaze amazrzenia, erTmaneTis mimarT iyeneben danas da cecxlsasrol iaraRsac. aseTi ram CvenTan adreul wlebSi warmoudgeneli iyo. Cxubs yovelTvis Serigeba mosdevda. Tu situacia garTuldeboda, saqmeSi ufrosi Taoba Caereoda. aq ki yovelTvis gada­mwyveti iyo mTeli qala­qisa­Tvis sayvareli da pativsacemi pir­ov­nebebis dude masxulias, vaxtang CxikviSvilis, dodika oragve­liZis da avTandil uruSaZis awonil-dawonili da avtoritetuli sityva.

im dros ozurgeTis TiTqmis mTeli axalgazrdoba erTmaneTs icnobda da erTmaneTTan megobrobda, albaT imitomac, rom biWebi qalaqis erTa­derT vaJTa skolaSi vswavlobdiT. saukeTeso  urTierToba sufevda mezoblad mdebare rusuli skolis moswavleebTanac, Cais teqnologiuri teqnikumis studentebTan Tovlis gundebiT gamarTul tradiciul `omSi~. rusuli skola vania kalinckisa  da kolia andreevis meTaurobiT yovelTvis vaJTa skolis `poziciebze~ dgeboda. qalaqis biWebis nebismier waCxubebis dros erTaderTi iaraRi iyo mklavi, (iSviaTad Tu gamoiyeneboda `Tavuri~), amitomac ozurgeTs yovelTvis hyavda Tavisi falavani, anu `pirveli yoCi~, rogorc mas xSirad uwodebdnen. qalaqis falavnis araoficialur tituls mudam didi fizikuri Zalisa da rainduli bunebis axalgazrdebi flobdnen. sxvadasxva dros ozurgeTis falavnebi yofilan ladiko da ioseb qadieSvilebi, daTiko ZnelaZe, arCil arobeliZe, arkadi abaSmaZe, SoTa nemsaZe, biZina gorgaZe, faku maxaraZe, arCil kunWulia, germane saluqvaZe, revaz uruSaZe, Cvens TaobaSi ki qalaqis falavnoba didxans ar dauTmiaT quca qadeiSvilsa da ruba xuWuas.

ukanaskneli wlebis kataklizmebma Tavisi, metad mZime daRi daasva ozurgeTelTa zneobas, rac yvelaze ufro ngrevasa da Zarcva-glejaSi gamoixata. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom am mxriv CvenTan marTlac rom adre warmoudgeneli faqtebi moxda, usindiso adamianTa xeliT daingra da gaiZarcva bevri Senoba Tu nageboba. moiSala komunikaciebi, ganadgurda saxelmwifos mier da xalxis ofliT Seqmnili qoneba. ngrevis masStabebi imdenad didia, rom albaT TiToeul CvenTagans samudamo sircxvilad gagvyveba, arada saqarTvelos bevr kuTxeSi, swored im dros sruliad sawinaaRmdego ambebic xdeboda, ase Tu ise,  metnaklebad aRmSeneblo­biTi procesi midioda. magaliTad, roca CvenTan mTlianad gapartaxda da daingra pansionat `moskovis~ samkurnalo da sastumro korpusebi, aspinZaSi sruliad axali, 150 adgiliani saavadmyofos Senoba gadasces saeqs­ploataciod. im dReebSi, rodesac Cveni rkinigzis vagzlis Senobas kar-fanjrebi moxsnes, iataki ahyares da darbazSi Sua cecxli gaaCaRes, xaSurSi xaraCoebi Camoxsnes vagzlis  rekonstruirebul da sruliad ganaxlebul Senobas. gorSi satroleibuso mimo­svlis sakontaqto qsels axali orkilometriani monakve­Ti miumates, ozurgeTSi ki Suagul qalaqis centrSi  (gareubnebze rom araferi vTqvaT) moqmedi sakontaqto xazis spilenZis sadenebi Camoxsnes da moipares, ramac sofel ozurgeTis mimarTulebiT da niko nikolaZisa da dimitri erisTavis quCebze satroleibuso marSrutebis iZulebiTi gauqmeba gamoiwvia. (sxvaTaSoris WiaTura-saCxeris satro­leibuso xazidan, romelic alagalag dausaxlebel adgilebSic gadis, erTi metri mavTulic ki aravis wauRia) im dros, roca samoqalaqo omgadaxdil dedaqalaqSi zedized idgmeboda akaki wereTlis, polikarpe kakabaZis, ioane petriwisa da dodo abaSiZis skulpturuli figurebi, ozurgeTSi ferad liTonze `monadireebma~ filimon qoriZis, porfire CanCibaZisa da vasil kvaWantiraZis biustebi da axlo warsulis politikur moRvaweTa demontire­buli skulpturuli figurebi da kvarcxlbekis qvebi moipares da Teatralur da vagzlis moednebze damontaJebuli ganaTebis stilizebuli lampionebic Tan `gaayoles~. raRa Sors mivdivarT, ager, Cvens mezoblad, CoxataurSi sul axlaxan nodar dumbaZis mSvenieri saxl-muzeumi aaSenes da saeqsploa­taciod gadasces, CvenTan ki TiTqmis yvela, erTimeoreze ukeTesad aSenebuli da keTilmowyobili samuzeumo-memorialuri kompleqsebi pirdapir miwis piridan aRgaves. metad samwuxaro paralelebia! ras izam, simarTles versad gaeqcevi.

qalaqi daauSnoa TviTneburad, saqalaqo xeli­suflebis nebarTvis gareSe dadgmulma jixurebma da darabebma. ganvlili mZime wlebis did danakargebs, rac qalaqma ganicada, kidev ganekuTvneba gamanawilebeli eleqtroqvesadguri `ozurgeTi_2~,  qimwmendis da recxvis fabrika, feradi musikaluri Sadrevnebi,  ludis safirmo bari, avtosadguri, centraluri gaTbobis saqvabeebi, Tboqselebi da sxva qalaqisTvis metad mniSvne­lovani obieqtebi, agreTve quCebisa da baRebis gamwvanebis mravalwliani nargavebi, anaseulis dasaxlebis unikaluri jiSebi, qalaqs Sezrdili Wadrebi, iaponuri muxebi, nekerCxlebi da kedrebi. sulieri deformaciebi SeimCneva  cxovrebis sxva sferoSic. iyo SemTxvevebi, roca `yovlisSemZle~ piris xelSewyobiT ama Tu im specialistis Tanamdebobidan gadayenebasa da mis magivrad daniSvnas aRwevdnen da samsaxureobriv kibeze patiosnad mimavals win aRudge­bodnen da mis adgils ikavebdnen. amaze ki sazogadoebrivi azri saocar gulgrilobas iCenda da araviTar reagirebas ar akeTebda. aseTia ganukiTxaobis wlebis mware sinamdvile.

zemoTxsenebul faqtebs raRa komentari unda gaukeTdes, erTi ki aucilebelia, yvela ozurgeTels, Zveli Tu axali Taobis warmomadgenels, momxdaris da gadata­nilis gamo, seriozuli dafiqreba da daskvnebis gamotana gvmarTebs.

ozurgeTlebi wignis didi siyvaruliT gamoir­Ceodnen. jer kidev gasuli saukunis dasasruls ozurgeTis stambaSi orjer daibeWda `vefxistyaosani~, simon gugunavas `Tamarianis~ nawyvetebi ki lamis mTelma qalaqma zepirad icoda. sakmaod mdidari biblioTeTeka iyo gurielTa sasaxleSi. 1888 wels egnate ninoSvils grigol gurielis karze mdivnad muSaoba dauwyia. man `Zalian gamoiyena grigol gurielis biblioTeka. mokle xanSi rac Rirsad miaCnda wakiTxvisa yvelaferi waikiTxa Turme.~1 ozurgeTis moqalaqeTa wignisadmi gansa­kuTrebuli siyvaruli mxedvelobidan ar gamorCenia inglisuri qarTvelologiis fuZemdebels marjori uordrops. Tavis ZmasTan oliver uordropTan erTad, 1895 wels Cvens qalaqSi stumrobis Semdeg igi werda: “qalaqi pataraa, Zlivs aRemateba did sofels, misi mkvidrni did interess iCenen literaturisadmi, aqvT TavianTi stamba da mraval sayuradRebo wigns aqveyneben”.2

Cvenda savalalod es didebuli tradiciac qreba, adre ki sul sxvagvarad iyo. ufros Taobas albaT kargad ax­sovs Cveni saqalaqo biblioTeka, romelic adre qalaqis Zveli sastumros pirvel sarTulze iyo moTavsebuli, Semdeg ki dRevandeli daviT aRmaSeneblis quCis dasawyisSi, Sinsaxkomis ganyofilebis yofili Senoba ekava, biblioTekas uamravi mkiTxveli hyavda, gansakuTrebiT xalxmravloba iyo saRamoobiT, samuSao saaTebis damTavrebis Semdeg, roca adgilebi ar kmaroda da biblioTekis darbaiseli maspinZlebi Tamar bolqvaZe, maSo gogitiZe da qsenia CxartiSvili moZalebul mkiTxvelebs TavianT samuSao magidebsac ki uTmobdnen.

garda saqalaqo biblioTekisa, dainteresebul pirT qalaqis mkvidrTa ramdenime umdidresi biblioTekiTac SeeZlo esargeblaT. bevri unikaluri gamocema inaxeboda dRevandel konstantine gamsaxurdias quCaze eqim-Terapevtis kaki nakaSiZisa da inJiner-mSeneblis valerian Cexovis ojaxSi. Sveicariidan (sadac maT studentobis wlebi gaatares) Camotanil samedicino da sainJinro-teqnikur enciklo­pediebTan erTad, yurad­Rebas ipyrobda ilia WavWavaZis TxzulebaTa mixeil gedevaniSviliseuli 1914 wlis gamocema, henri hrinevskis ilustraciebiT da gigo gabaSvilis mier Sesrulebuli portretiT. iqve naxavdiT iseT gamocemebs, rogoricaa h.spenseris `filosofia~ (1882 w.), p.miliukovis `rusuli kulturis istoria~ (1904 w.), b.tuganis `inglisis socialuri istoria~ (1900 w.) da sxva metad saintereso wignebs, aseve _ periodikas.

mdidari wignadi fondi, kerZod, istoriuli da memuarul-dokumentaluri xasiaTis literaturis iSviaTi gamocemebi, qarTuli, rusuli da ucxouri klasikis saukeTeso nimuSebi inaxeboda Cveni sazogadoebisaTvis kargad cnobili pirovnebebis, eqim tite Rlontis, istorikosebis kukuri anTeliZis da solomon goguaZis, filolog-pedagogebis vano saluqvaZis da margalita kunWulias saojaxo wignsacave­bSi.  msoflio sportis ganviTarebis srul istorias SeiZleboda gacnobodiT farnavaz mefis quCaze inJiner-meqanikos giorgi maxaraZis pirad biblioTekaSi. aqve inaxeboda qarTul sportze nabeWdi sxvadasxva masalebi da sagazeTo statiebis amonaWrebi. raoden kanonzomieria, rom misi mflobeli, SemdgomSi cnobili sportuli Jurnalisti, Wadraksa da fexburTze ramdenime saintereso wignis avtori gaxda.

dRes biblioTekebSi samwuxarod Zveleburad aRar dadian. marTalia wignis Taroebi yvela ojaxSi savsea, magram kiTxvisa da xmarebisagan gacveTil wigns iSvia­Tad SevxvdebiT. qalaqis mTavar biblioTekaSi ki romelic 26 maisis quCaze aSenda, ramde­nime oTaxi dakavebuli aqvs sxva dawesebulebebs da normaluri muSaobis mowyobis TvalsazrisiT kidev bevri ram akliaT.

cnobilia, rom bavSvebisa da saerTod pirovnebis Camoyalibebis procesSi ojaxTan erTad umTavresi roli skolas akisria, maRalkvalificiuri pedagogebiT dakomple­qtebuli skolebi, niWierebiTa da sibejiTiT gamorCeul moswavleTa Taoba _ esec xom arc Tu ise Soreuli warsulis adgilobrivi tradiciaa. albaT dameTanxmebian Tu vityvi, rom  qalaqis saSualo skolebis istoriaSi, 50-iani wlebi erTerTi saukeTeso iyo. im dros skolebSi moRvaweobdnen SesaniSnavi pedagogebi, TavianTi saqmis namdvili didostatebi. nebismieri umaRlesi saswavleblis kaTedrebs daamSvenebdnen, magaliTad, yofili vaJTa saSualo skolis iseTi pedagogebi, rogoric melqisedeq mujiri, samson jaSi, grigol kalandariSvili, panteleimon iobiSvili, leonide nioraZe, giorgi xoxlenko da valerian sixaruliZe iyvnen. aba, gavixsenoT imave vaJTa saSualo skolis fizikis cnobili kabineti nebismieri laboratoriuli samuSaosa Tu cdebisaTvis saWiro yvela xelsawyoebiTa da mowyobi­lobebiT aRWurvili, lomo­nosovis, niutonis, arqimedisa da edisonis ferweruli portretebiT morTuli vrceli auditoriiT, sadac mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi ar wydeboda moswavleTa saqmiani fusfusi. moswavleTa profesiuli orientaciis TvalsazrisiT nayofier muSaobas eweoda qalaqis norC teqnikosTa sadguri. teqnikuri siaxleniT dain­teresebuli bavSvebi gamocdil pedagogTa xelmZRvanelo­biT sakuTari xeliT qmnidnen sakmaod rTul xelsawyoebs da sxva teqnikur saSualebebs.

niWisa da codnis namdvil paeqrobad iqceoda literaturuli saRamoebi, disputebi, saswavlo-samecniero konferenciebi da sagnobrivi turebi, sadac metad saintereso namuSevrebiT da referatebiT gamodiodnen zoia buSeva da vova sixaruliZe (rusuli saSualo skola), lamara qinqlaZe, luiza xoxlenko da lamara ramiSvili (qalTa # 1 skola), nana Rlonti da nineli girkeliZe (qalTa #2 skola), jumber gorgoSiZe, miSa Rlonti, Salva gogiCaiSvili, nukri ujmajuriZe, reno uruSaZe  (vaJTa  skola) da sxvebi.

swored im wlebSi, saSualo skolebis kedlebSi gaielva pirvelad akaki baqraZis da nodar malazonias, ioseb keWaymaZis da rezo esaZis, mamia malazonias da anzor erqomaiSvilis, elguja xinTibiZis da revaz siraZis, jemal Wkuaselis da zaur bolqvaZis, levan malazonias da Tamaz ToxaZis, oTar CxartiSvilis da revaz jaSis TviTmyofadma niWma, isini SemdgomSi qarTuli mecnierebis da xelovnebis cnobili moRvaweni gaxdnen. qalaqis vaJTa saSualo skolis aRzrdilia mxatvari geronti Rlonti, uaRresad niWieri, TviTmyobadi Semoqmedi, romlis ferwera da grafika gamoirCeva erovnuli koloritis Rrma SegrZnebiT da garemomcveli bunebis tiloze gadatanis Taviseburi maneriT. misi namuSevrebi inaxeba dvabzuSi, mxatvris mamapapiseul sacxovrebel saxlSi, araerTxel iyo eqsponirebuli Tbilissa da sxva sagamofeno  centrebSi, zogierTi ki daculia  ucxoeTis qveynebis kerZo koleqciebSi.

qalaqis skolebSi tradiciad iqca Sexvedrebi qveynis gamoCenil adamianebTan. metad sainteresod Catarda qalTa #1 skolaSi literaturuli saRamoebi ioseb griSaSvilis, giorgi leoniZisa da ioseb noneSvilis monawileobiT. `hyvavis guria~ _ ase uwoda irakli abaSiZem leqsebis cikls, romelic misi guriaSi stumrobis Sedegad Seiqmna. 1968 wels anaseuli maspinZlobda `wynari donis~ avtors, nobelis premiis laureats mixeil Soloxovs. metad dasamaxsovrebeli iyo imave wlis Semodgomaze qalaqis inteligenciis axalgazrda warmomadgenelTa Sexvedrebi Tengiz abula­ZesTan, serJi wulaZesTan da murman lebaniZesTan. Tengiz abulaZem isaubra msoflio kinos ganviTarebis tendenciebze, axaldamTavrebuli `vedrebis~ kinoenis da stilistikis Taviseburebebze. Tqva, rom gadaiRebda Cafiqrebuli kinotrilogiis kidev or films (rac man brwyinvaled Seasrula `natvris xis~ da `monaniebis~ saxiT). samwuxarod, ver ganxorcielda Semoqmedis kidev erTi ganzraxva _ mixeil javaxiSvilis `TeTri sayelos~ ekranizeba, razedac igi gansakuTrebuli gatacebiT gviambobda. serJi wulaZem mogviTxro `vefxistyaosnis~ miseul frangul Targmanze. emigranti qarTveli mecnierebis kalistrate salias, mixako wereTlis, viqtor nozaZis da zurab avaliSvilis naSromebze, misgan pirvelad gavigeT grigol robaqiZis mier sazRvargareT Seqmnil axali nawarmoebebis Sesaxeb, manamde Cven mas xom vicnobdiT rogorc mxolod `lamaras~ da `gvelis perangis~ avtors. murman lebaniZis saubrebi ZiriTadad qarTuli mwerlobis axal nimuSebs Seexeboda, gvirCia, rom Tvalyuri gvedevnebina `ciskris~ axali nomrebisaTvis, sadac Wabua amirejibis `daTa TuTaSxias~ publikacia unda dawyebuliyo. axalgazrda mwerlebidan gansakuTrebiT qebiT moixsenia guram rCeuliSvilis Semoqmedeba da wagvikiTxa mkiTxvelTa farTo wreebisaTvis jer kidev naklebad cnobili `xorumi~, `cico~, `gazafxuli Semosula~, guram TikanaZis xsovnisadmi miZRvnili da sxva leqsebi.

yovelTvis didi interesiTa da mayurebelTa aJio­taJiT iyo garemoculi qalaqis skolebis TviTmo­qmede­biTi koleqti­vebis koncertebi moswa­vleTa raionul olimpiadaze, romelic yovelwliurad imarTeboda saxelmwifo Teatris SenobaSi. gansa­kuTrebuli mowonebiT sargeblobda rusuli saSualo skolis momReralTa gundi mixeil SaviSvilis _ me-20 saukunis udidesi mokrimanWulis, `sisona darCias~, `patara mercxa­lis~ da sxva popularuli simRerebis avtoris _ xelmZRva­nelobiT, romelic erTnairi warmatebiT asrulebda qarTul da rusul simRerebs da qalTa #1 skolis dramatuli koleqtivi. moswavle gogonebma erTerT olimpiadaze pedagog akaki xinTibiZis (amJamad Tbilisis saxelmwifo univer­sitetis profesori) xelmZRvanelobiT scenaze vaJa-fSavela da misi gmirebi gaacocxles. saintereso sabavSvo speqtaklebs aCvenebda pionerTa da moswavleTa saxlis Teatri mixeil golia­Zis xelmZRva­nelobiT; qoreografiuli nomrebis uzado SesrulebiT da iSviaTi scenuri momxibvlelobiT, mayure­belTa aRfrTovanebas iwvevda, mocekvaveebis zaira fircxalai­Svi­lis (qalTa #1 skola) da dodo goTuas (qalTa #2 skola) gamosvlebi.

qalaqis bavSvTa TviTmoqmedebas gansakuTrebuli amagi dasdo qarTuli qoreografiis didostatma giorgi saluqvaZem, misi xelmZRvanelobiT momzadebuli sabavSvo da axalgaz­rduli ansamblebi yovelTvis triumfiT gamodiodnen Tbili­sis saopero Teatris scenaze gamarTul respublikur daTvalierebebSi, sadac warmatebiT asrulebdnen missave Seqmnil `farcakukus~, `kalmaxobas~, `fundruks~, `saTamaSos~ da sxva axal cekvebs Tu qoreografiul sanaxaobebs. qalaqis mxatvruli koleqtivebis saSemsruleblo ostatobas maRali Sefaseba misca amerikis SeerTebuli Statebidan stumrad Camosulma Cveni saukunis udidesma baletmeisterma jorj balanCinma, mis pativsacemad restoran “izabelas” did darbazSi gamarTuli koncertis naxvis Semdeg, 1962 wels maxaraZeSi yofnis dros.

samwuxarod dRevandelma rTulma viTarebam yvelaze didi kvali skolas daamCnia. Seicvala saswavlo-saaRmzrdelo procesis tradiciuli xasiaTi da bevri sikeTe, rac adamians skolasTan akavSirebs, axla mxolod mogonebebis sferos ganekuTvneba. Tumca isic unda iTqvas, rom yvela dargs es ar Sexebia. qalaqis skolebs arasodes ar hyoliaT iseTi Zlieri, TiTqmis profesiuli Sesrulebis dones miRweuli fol­kloruli koleqtivebi, rogoric dRes aris, pirvel rigSi, ra Tqma unda, jumber dunduas qarTuli xalxuri cekvis ansambli mravalferovani repertuariT da mocekvaveTa ramdenime niWieri TaobiT. aseve, bavSvebi dRes gacilebiT met midrekilebas iCenen saxviTi xelovnebisa da  vokalur-instrumentaluri musikisadmi. bolo wlebSi sazogado­ebriobis didi interesi da mowoneba daimsaxura, bavSvTa TviTSemoqmedebis sruliad axali samyaro warmogvidgina da mozardi Taobis mxatvrul-esTetikuri aRzrdis axlebur tradiciebs daudo saTave ozurgeTis axalgazrda pedagogTa klubis bavSvTa mxatvruli Semoqmedebis koleqtivebma, romelsac marina Tofuria xelmZRvanelobs.

skolaze saubris dros ar SeiZleba yuradRebis miRma dag­vrCes erTi metad mtkivneuli sakiTxi. istoriuli Tvalsazri­siT qalaqis erTerTi umniSvnelovanesi nageboba, #1 saSualo skolis Zveli korpusi, romelsac saukunenaxevris istoria aqvs, dangrevis piras aris misuli. amortizirebulia saxuravi da kedlebi. dazianebulia skolis aRzrdilebis, gamoCenil mamuliSvilTa memorialuri dafebi, safrTxe eqmneba saskolo muzeumis unikalur eqsponatebs. axla, roca  qveyanas uWirs da sarestavracio da sarekonstruqcio samuSaoebisaTvis Tanxebis gamoyofa erTob garTulebulia, iqneb gamogvexmauron skolis aRzrdilebi, biznesmenebi, mewarmeebi Tu sxva axal ekonomikur struqturaTa xelmZRvanelebi da mSobliur skolas daxmarebis xeli gauwodon.

Zveli ozurgeTisaTvis da mas Semdegac damaxasiaTe­beli iyo moqalaqeTa yoveldRiuri qalaqSi gamosvla. kerZod, e.w. `Wadrebis baRSi~ saRamoobiT didZali xalxi ikribeboda, ozurgeTlebi adreul wlebSi rogorc axla, saxlebSi gamoketilebi rodi iyvnen, damkvidrebuli tradiciiT xalxi quCebSi gamodioda, erTmaneTis ambavs moikiTxavda, Worsa Tu sinamdviles gai­gebda, mtyuansa da marTals iqve daadgenda, ubralod seirnobda. maTi yvelaze miCneuli da sayvareli TavSesayari adgili `Wadrebis baRi~ iyo. tradiciad iyo qceuli didi fexburTis dReebSi radioreportaJebis erToblivad, Wadrebis baRSi mosmena. erTerT Wadarze mimagrebuli mZlavri reproduqtoridan erTimeores enacvleboda vadim siniavskis gamyinavi tenoriT naTqvami: `udar, gol~ da erosi manjgalaZis mrgvinavi basiT amoZaxili: `dartyma, aris~. da Tu es Tbilisis dinamoelTa mier gatanili goli iyo, iqaurobas aRtacebis yiJina da ovaciebi ayruebda.

Tu vinme qalaqSi uRirs saqciels Caidenda, iqve WadrebTan gakicxavdnen. Wadrebis baRi qalaquri moralis da qalaqelTa urTierTobis normebis Taviseburi kanonmdebeli iyo. vis ar SexvdebodiT  iq saRamoobiT, qalaqis Rvawlmosili adamiane­biT dawyebuli da damTavrebuli axalgazrdobiT. Wadrebis qveS bevr saintereso ambebs hyvebodnen mxatvari lado malazonia da iuristi givi goguaZe, pedagogi iliko oragveliZe da msaxiobi roman lominaZe, finansisti niko bereJiani da eqimi grigol maxaraZe. odesidan cxel_cxeli anegdotebi CamohqondaT studentur ardadegebze Camosul soso saluqvaZes da robiko (arsen) keWaymaZes. magram baRis amindsa da situacias mainc misi `Statiani xalxi~ ganagebda. eseni iyvnen maxvili gonebiTa da laRi iumoris niWiT dajildoebuli WeSmariti ozurgeTlebi. rogor aklia Wadrebis baRs da saerTod qalaqs iseTi kolorituli pirovnebebi, rogorebic iyvnen, ufrosi Taobidan badri TayaiSvili, mamuli gorgaZe, miSa fircxalaSvili, Teimuraz  jayeli, Wola kverReliZe, arCil Wyonia, ia gobroniZe, saSa maisuraZe,  rezo kopaleiSvili, amiran vasaZe, gizo CxaiZe, petre oragve­liZe, geno xavTasi, givi gordelaZe, givi komaxia, givi goTua. Cveni Taobidan guram mJa­via,  ilo jinWaraZe, robert gogoliSvili, le­ri comaia, hamlet doliZe, jemal mamu­laiSvili, valeri dadaSevi, nodar nakaiZe, leri gobroniZe, gigla beliqaniZe, murman qadeiSvili, zaur janiaSvili, miSa surgulaZe, antuSa maxaraZe, mTeli qalaqis bolo didi tkivili miSa anTaZe, Serqmeuli metsaxelebiT cnobili qalaqeli biWebi  `stalika~ _ stanislav gegeWkori, `grelka~ _ nodar mgelaZe, `muna~ _ zaur CxikviSvili, `gerkulesa~ _ vaJa gobroniZe da sxvebi da sxvebi. yvela isini dRes imqveyniuri saqarTvelos binadarni arian. RmerTma naTelSi amyofos maTi suli.

Semdgom wlebSi `Wadrebis baRma~ nelnela dakarga erTguli bina­da­r­ni, bolo dros ki saerTod ukacrieli gaxda da Zveli bina­drebidan mSob­li­ur baRs dRes mxolod vaxtang megrelaZe, kuku­ri JRen­ti, rati Rlonti, sedrone bilixoZe, mamia TuTaiSvili da valiko kvirkvelia stumroben. ramdenime welia gaxSir­da baRisa da saparke inventarisadmi udieri damoki­debulebis faqtebi. Cvenda savalalod, ramdenjerme moipares skamebi da urnebi,  daamtvries saafiSo stendebi da lampionebi. daazianes gazonebi da mwvane nargavebi.

dRes marTalia amisaTvis aravis scalia, magram cxovrebis kalapotSi CadgomisTanave xalxi kvlav aRadgens Zvel tradicias da gaixsenebs ozurgeTlebis yvelaze sayvarel TavSesayar adgils, `Wadrebis baRi~ isev gacocxldeba da axmaurdeba.

P. S.  1995 wels ozurgeTis raionis gamgeobis Tavmjdoma­ris vladimer kunWulias iniciativiT daibada Wadrebis baRis tradiciebis gacocxlebis idea. Seiqmna qalaqis koloritTa klubi `Wadrebis baRi~, klubis prezidentad  arCeuli iqna reno uruSaZe - bJuJhesis generaluri direqtori.

ozurgeTma kinos samyaros misca iseTi saxelebi, ro­goricaa germane gogitiZe, simon esaZe, aleqsandre wuwunava, sandro JorJoliani, cecilia wuwunava, siko doliZe da arkadi xinTibiZe. amitomac gasakviri ar unda iyos kinos is gansakuTrebuli popularoba da siyvaruli, romeliTac ase gamoirCeoda Cveni qalaqi. misi Zveli binadarni hyvebian, rom sa­Ramo Sexvedrebisa da saerTod garTobis ZiriTadi kera kinoTeatri iyo  da igi yovelTvis kulturuli cxovrebis gamorCeul adgilad iTvleboda. yovel axal films TiTqmis qalaqis mTeli asakovani mosaxleoba naxulobda. presti­Julad iTvleboda filmis premieris dReebSi naxva. seansis dawyebamde meore sarTulis foieSi yoveldRiurad imar­Teboda samejliso cekvebi.  im dros yvelaze popularuli sacekvao melodiis `rioritas~ xmaze cibrutiviT trialebdnen wyvilebi, abreSumis Zafsaxvevi-sagrexi fabrikis `stekliankad~ wodebuli sacxovrebeli saxlis mobinadre gogonebi da centrisubneli biWebi.

mayurebelTa gansakuTrebul interess iwvevda omis damTavrebis Semdeg germaniidan wamoRebuli e.w. `nadavli~ filmebi, dina durbini, janeta makdonaldi da marika roki, Carli Caplinis yoveli axali suraTi, italiuri neorea­lizmi, luCia bosze, silvana pampanini da jina lolobrijida, “mziuri velis serenada” glen mileris orkestriT, Cveni filmebidan mixeil Wiaurelis ~berlinis dacema~ da grigori aleqsandrovis `mxiaruli axalgazrdoba~ da sxva miseuli kinokomediebi. kargi suraTis Cveneba namdvil zeimad iqceoda. ekranis melodiebi swrafad vrceldeboda da popularuli xdeboda. `qeTo da kotes~ premieris Ramesve qalaqis pirveli `bardi~ rezo lomaZe da misi `gundi~ quCebSi `erTxel vixiles~ da `gind meZinos~ mReroda.

iyo kidev erTi adgili, sadac SeiZleboda filmebis naxva. daviT guramiSvilis quCaze mdebare samxedro nawilis ezo, ekranad gamoyenebuli orsarTuliani Senobis yru TeTri kedeli, `parteris~ da `loJebis~ movaleobas mosazRvred mdebare maTiTaiSvilebis ezo da akaciis Wigoebis Robe asrulebda. metad SezRuduli iyo  `repertuaric~ _ yovel SabaT-kviras gadioda erTi da igive, oradori dasaxelebis filmi, `simRera ruseTze~ robert teiloris da `me Sav­zRveli var~ boris andreevis monawileobiT.

Semdgom wlebSi kinoTeatrSi sistematuri siaruli da yove­li axali filmis naxvis tradicia TandaTan ganelda da dRes qalaqis erTaderTi kinoTeatris darbazi umetesad  carielia. amis mizezad marto mosaxleobis ekonomikuri siduxWire da  videosa da televiziis moZaleba ar unda CaiTvalos, kinos qalaqSi bevrma auqcia gverdi bolo rekonstruqciis samuSaoebis damTavrebis Semdeg, ramac Seiwira mTeli misi adrindeli xibli _ vrceli foieebi, amfiTeatri, benuaris loJebi, originaluri ganaTeba da a.S. erTi sityviT, swored rekonstruqciis samuSaoebSi daSvebulma Secdomebma da tradiciuli mayureblis interesebis ugulvebelyofam daacariela Cveni kino-darbazi.

Cveni azriT aucileblad unda vifiqroT imaze, rom uaxloesi kapitaluri remontisa Tu sarekonstruqcio samuSaoebis Catarebis dros (rac gadaudeblad saWiroa) kinoTeatris interiers, pirvel rigSi ki mayurebelTa darbazs, nawilobriv mainc davubrunoT adrindeli saxe. manam ki upirvelesi saqmea saxuravis Secvla, saidanac ukve meoTxe welia wyali Camodis da did zians ayenebs rogorc darbazs, aseve foiebsa da vestibiulebs. Tu es problema uaxloes xanSi ar mogvarda, yovelgvari gazviadebis gareSe SeiZleba iTqvas, rom qalaqis am erTerTi saukeTeso nagebobis saxuravi pirdapir Tavze Camogvengreva. momzadebulia saproeqto dokumentacia da karga xania aRdgenas elodeba sazafxulo kinoTeatri.

ozurgeTi, mdidari kulturuli tradiciebis mqone qalaqi, marto saqveynod cnobili kinematografistebis, Teatralebis, momRerlebisa da mxatvrebis mSobeli da aRmzrdeli kera rodi iyo. Cvens qalaqs xom odiTganve mosdevda musikis usazRvro siyvaruli. gansakuTrebiT popularuli ki instrumentuli musika iyo. upirveles yovlisa sasule  orkestri, romelic qalaqis kulturul cxovrebaSi yovelTvis mniSvnelovan adgils iWerda. jer kidev gasuli saukunis meore naxevarSi ozurgeTis sasule orkestri maRalprofesiuli musikose­bisagan (CvenTvis cnobilia mixako kvaWantiraZis, jarispan mameiSvilis da lavrenti jaxvas saxelebi) dakom­pleqtebuli pirvelxarisxovani koleqtivi yofila, romelsac ruseTis imperatoris yirimSi Camosvlis dros specialurad iwvevdnen livadiis sasaxlesa da parkebSi gamarTul samefo koncer­tebSi monawileobis misaRebad; rogorc amas musikosTa ojaxebis STamomavalni gadmogvcemen, ozurgeTis sasule orkestrs gastrolebi hqonia amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis, inglisisa da avstriis qalaqebSi, Tqven warmoidgineT is efeqti da STabeWdileba, romelsac Sindisfer CaqurebSi gamo­wyobili oci musikosi  moaxdenda niu-iorkis, londonis Tu venis quCebSi gamarTuli sazeimo msvlelobebis dros. 1880 wlis gazafxulze TbilisSi, didi italieli msaxiobi _ tragikosis ernesto rosis stumrobasTan  dakav­SirebiT, mixeilis quCaze mdebare baRSi didi sabanketo wveuleba gamarTula, sadac italieli stumrisaTvis misasalmebeli sityviT miumarTavT akaki wereTels, ivane maCabels, vaxtang orbeliansa da somex mweral abgar ionesenians. rogorc qarTuli emigraciis cnobili moRvawe grigol diasamiZe igonebs, am wveulebaze `musikas ukravda gurulebis sasule orkestri~.1 amave saRamos Taobaze ilia  WavWavaZis `iveria~ ityobineboda, rom `italieli stumris baRSi Sesvlis drozve gurul memusikeTa xorom italiuri marSi daukra~.2 (orkestris erTi Semadgenlobis fotosuraTi inaxeboda mxatvar vaxtang mameiSvilis saojaxo fotoarqivSi).

am ramdenime wlis winaT ozurgeTSi sasule orkestri hyavdaT abreSumis Zafsaxvev _ sagrex fabrikas, maRaroTa sammarTvelos, vaJTa saSualo skolas, anaseulis samecniero-sakvlev instituts, pionerTa da moswavleTa saxlsa da sxva organizaciebs. qalaqis nakrebma sasule orkestrma ki 70-ian wlebamde gaagrZela funqcionireba. gansakuTrebiT warmatebiT gamodioda orkestri, roca mas namdvili pro­fesionali Salva xuWua diriJorobda. misi xelmZRva­nelobiT ozurgeTis sasule orkestri qalaqSi momxdari yvela mniSvnelovani movlenis monawile da damamSvenebeli iyo. es iqneboda 40-ian wlebSi amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis prezidentis vaJis _ eliot ruzveltis maxaraZeSi stumroba Tu rkinigzis vagzalSi gamarTuli sazeimo Sexvedra omgadaxdil gmirTan, general-polkovnik porfire Can­CibaZesTan.

ozurgeTis orkestrma bevri Cinebuli musikosi aRzarda, misma zogierTma wevrma imdeni codna da gamocdileba SeiZina, rom sxvadasxva adgilas TviTonve Camoayaliba da xel­mZRvanelobda sasule musikosTa damoukidebel koleqtivebs: kukuri nakaiZe_ anaseulSi, dimitri kalandaZe _ SromaSi, ilia samsonia da  daTiko CxaiZe _ abreSumis Zafsaxvev-sagrex fabrikaSi, gramiton WefxoZe _ laiTurSi, kote CxaiZe _ ZimiTSi, amiran WaniSvili _ maRaroTa sammarTveloSi da a. S. gansakuTrebuli Rvawli miuZRvis CiTana TalakvaZes, rome­lic warmatebiT ukravda ramdenime sasule instrumentze da Salva xuWuas Semdeg xelmZRvanelobda qalaqis nakreb orkestrs. misi gardacvalebis dRidan orkestri  mxolod winasadResaswaulo dReebSi ikribeboda da mas dimitri kalandaZe uZRveboda. axlac misi xelmZRva­nelobiT Cveni `beberi mezurneebi~ periodulad isev ikribebian, dana­Rvlianebuli moigoneben imqveynad wasul musikosebs da maTi sulis sacxoneblad Sopenis, Caikovskisa da faliaSvilis hangebsac aaJRereben.

ozurgeTis orkestris repertu­arSi iyo qarTul xalxur melodiebze Seqmnili instrumentaluri nawarmoebebi, qar­Tvel, rus da ucxoel kompozitorTa sasule musika. orkestrSi, sxvadasxva dros wamyvan musikosebad iTvle­bodnen kukuri doliZe, Sutu xavTasi, kukuri gegenava, andro erqomaiSvili, avTandil WaniSvili, kote da kako saluqvaZeebi, vano da guram gobroniZeebi, nilosi gugunava, Jora kontriZe, kako megreliSvili da sxvebi. Cveni sasule orkestri kargi cxovrebiseuli skolac iyo. misma ramdenime wevrma orkestridan wasvlis Semdeg umaRlesi saswavleblebi daamTavra da Tavi gamoiCina sazogadoebriv asparezze, didi xnis manZilze warmatebiT uZRvebodnen msxvil sawarmoebsa da sameurneo organizaciebs:  zaza masxulia _ raikoopkav­Siris gamgeobis Tavmjdomare gaxldaT, ilia goliaZe _ saxelmwifo arqivis direqtori, SoTa SoSitaiSvili _ boxvauris kolmeurneobis gamgeobis Tavjmdomare, arCil kunWulia _ raikavSiris purkombinatis mTavari teqnologi, mindia TavaZe _ saqarTvelos televiziis ufrosi redaqtori, rezo gubeliZe _ laiTuris agromrewvkombinatis mTavari buRalteri da a. S. gansakuTrebiT unda gavixsenoT is faqti, rom 20-ian wlebis orkestris SemadgenlobaSi gamodioda Wabuki kote leseliZe _ SemdgomSi meore msoflio omis saxelmoxveWili mxedarTmTavris, general-polkovnik konstantine leseliZis saxeliT rom gaicno qveyanam. amave periodSi ozurgeTis samoqalaqo saswavlebelSi (dRevandeli # 1 saSualo skola) klarnetze, fleitasa da hoboize dakvras aswavlida guriaSi saxelganTqmuli pedagogi prokobi mameiSvili. mis mowafeTa Soris ki momavali cnobili qarTveli kompozitori iona tuskiac iyo.

gadioda wlebi, musikosTa Zvel TaobasTan erTad ozurgeTis orkestrma asparezi TandaTanobiT datova. am ramdenime xnis winaT Cven vcadeT qalaqis am kargi tradiciis aRorZineba. Teatris baRis, adre rom `qalaqis baRad~ iwodeboda, rekonstruqciis proeqtSi, sadac tradiciulad gamodioda sasule orkestri, gaviTvaliswineT mcire sakoncerto estradisa da saorkestro niJaris mSenebloba, SeviZineT sasule instrumentebis axali kompleqti. samwuxarod Cvens am Canafiqrs ganxorcieleba ar ewera. sakoncerto estradisa da saorkestro niJaris mSeneblobas gavleniani mowinaRmdegeebi aRmouCndnen. aseve ar moxerxda orkestris Camoyalibeba arc

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